Monday, April 17, 2017

Phinma Energy revives bid to develop hydropower

By Danessa Rivera (The Philippine Star) | Updated April 17, 2017 - 12:00am

MANILA, Philippines - Phinma Energy Corp. is eyeing hydropower and waste-to-energy projects as part of efforts to further expand its renewable energy portfolio,
The company is undertaking studies in developing the Ilog hydropower service contract (HSC) in Negros Occidental, Phinma Energy SVP Raymundo Reyes Jr. told The STAR.
“The Ilog HSC is in its two-year pre-development phase, basically permitting and engineering studies,” he said.
Phinma Energy will pursue the development “assuming the results are positive after the pre-development phase,” Reyes said.
The company had been awarded two hydropower service contracts in the past but it did not pursue them for various reasons, the company official said.
Recent data from the Department of Energy showed the Ilog hydropower service contract was among the indicative projects in the Visayas region.
Located in Mabinay, Negros Occidental, the project is estimated to have a rated capacity of 21.6 megawatts.
Last February, Phinma Energy was issued a grid impact study clearance, which is necessary in determining if the electricity to be generated by the power project can be absorbed by the grid.
Phinma Energy president and CEO Francisco Viray said the company is also considering undertaking waste-to-water energy projects.
“We are prioritizing waste-to-energy because it can solve several issues like municipal waste. We’re looking for a technology for that. We just have to find the right technology,” he said.
Through its subsidiary Trans-Asia Petroleum Corp., Phinma Energy is also entering the geothermal exploration and production sector.
In line with this, the company changed its corporate name to Phinma Petroleum and Geothermal Inc.
So far, Phinma Energy has developed the 54-MW wind power farm located at the Municipality of San Lorenzo, Guimaras under subsidiary Trans-Asia Renewable Energy Corp. (TAREC).
In total, TAREC holds a portfolio of wind sites across Luzon and the Visayas, with a total estimated potential capacity of over 400 MW.

Power struggle: Solar, wind challenge coal as more affordable energy source

By Jonathan L. Mayuga

Part One
WITH much enthusiasm, climate and environmental advocates see the ratification of the Paris Agreement by the Philippine Senate both as a challenge and opportunity to shift from dirty fossil fuel to clean renewable energy (RE).
Although ambitious, reducing the country’s greenhouse- gas emission by 70 percent between 2020 and 2030 will be a tough nut to crack, as it struggles to sustain growth currently pegged at 6.8 percent last year.
This goal is yet clearly a “conditional” commitment largely dependent on the support the Philippines will get from the international community.
Last year the Climate Change Commission (CCC) said RE presents the biggest opportunity for local investment as the country plans to veer away from coal.
An environmental advocate, Environment Secretary Regina Paz L. Lopez vowed to expedite the granting of environmental compliance certificates (ECCs) for RE projects while thoroughly reviewing ECCs for potentially destructive and environmentally unsound development projects—particularly mining and coal.
Among the renewables, climate and environmental advocates are betting on solar and wind over coal in competing for huge investments pouring the power sector’s way.
Citing the “Boom and Bust 2017—Tracking the Global Coal Plant Pipeline” report, Greenpeace Philippines Climate and Energy Campaigner Reuben Muni said it is just a matter of time when investment starts shifting to the more economically viable clean, RE options, dropping coal in the process.
Muni said ditching coal will eventually reverse the trend in favor of solar, wind or other RE sources.

Laying blame
WHILE admittedly one of the cheapest and reliable source of energy today, coal is being blamed by climate and environmental advocates for causing not only air, soil and water pollution that undermines human health and environment but for being the biggest contributor to global GHG emissions that trigger climate-change disasters.
The Philippines is not oblivious to climate change-triggered disasters. In 2013 the strongest typhoon ever to make landfall in history devastated Central Philippines, leaving a trail of death and destruction.  Climate-change effects, such as longer wet season and longer dry seasons, also cause enormous damage to food production areas that undermine the country’s food-production capacity, including fisheries.
While the Philippines is not one of the so-called big polluters, climate and environmental advocates said the Philippines should step back and cease from following the development track of developed countries only to make the turn-around later on.
Instead, they said the Philippines can take a more sustainable development path by shifting from its use of dirty coal to more environment-friendly sources of energy, such as solar, wind, geothermal, possibly, ocean current, biomass or biogas—without compromising the integrity of its already fragile environment.

Huge investment
INVESTMENT in coal in the Philippines, as well as other energy sources, can only be estimated based on power-generating capacity power plants.
For coal investment, the rough estimate can be based on those being constructed and those that are already existing, according to Muni.  The country’s current installed power-generation capacity is 18,765 megawatts (MW). With a 45-percent share, coal investment in the Philippines is pegged at $8.54 billion.
This is a conservative estimate, as the Department of  Energy  figure accounts only for the power-generating capacity that goes to the main power grid.
“A lot of these things are on a specific timeline,” Muni said. “One MW of coal is equivalent to $1 million three years ago. But today, this may no longer be true.”
He explained the equivalent figure could even be higher because coal’s volatility causes price to go up.

Market forces
MUNI said coal is like other goods that are subject to market forces at work—economic, politics—like oil and gas, coal price also change.
“In the past, during the [Fidel V.] Ramos and Cory [Aquino] administration, our power was based on three big sources—hydro, geothermal and oil diesel,” he said.  In 2015 around 45 percent of the country’s energy supply comes from coal, 23 percent of the country’s energy supply comes from natural gas,
13 percent from geothermal, 11 percent from hydro and 7 percent from coal.
At some point, oil became the biggest source of energy in the mid-1990s because of the Persian Gulf War and Middle East Crisis—when price of oil was very volatile.
“During the last year of the Cory administration and the start of the Ramos administration, we only have the Calaca power plant—the first- ever coal plant in the Philippines,” Muni explained. “Then came Pagbilao, Masinloc and Sual. The entry of coal as a power source started to boom.”
At that time, coal was the cheapest and most accessible source of energy, with the Philippines having the Semirara coal mine, and neighboring countries, such as Indonesia, China and Australia, possibly supplying the Philippines with adequate coal.

Coal dependence
THE Philippines is currently heavily dependent on coal.
According to the DOE, coal has the highest contribution to the country’s current power-generation mix pegged at 44.5 percent as of 2015.
The local demand for coal is not limited to power generation.
In 2015 the cement industry utilized 15.22 percent of the country’s coal supply while 5 percent went to other industries, such as alcohol, sinter, rubber boots, paper and chemical manufacturing, fertilizer production and smelting processes, according to the DOE.
This factor makes coal as having the biggest share in terms of investment in the country’s
energy sector.
Industries, Muni said, are into coal use for economic reasons, which means the country’s dependence on coal could be worse. The DOE, he said, only counts those that feed the power grid.
Even oil companies, such as the Petron Oil Refinery in Limay, Bataan, he said has a coal plant with 140-MW capacity.
While it powers its oil-refinery facility, Petron is also providing the power grid with the excess power it produces from its own coal-fired power plant, he said.

Coal rise
THE country’ dependence on coal became more pronounced in the last 15 years. According to the DOE, since 2002, from a historical yearly average of 1.5 million metric ton (MMT), local coal production grew tremendously.
Muni said the country started to shift from oil—then the dominant source of energy—to coal during the Cory and Ramos administration.  The shift, he said, was because of economic reasons.
“During the Persian Gulf war, oil became very volatile,” he explained. “With the Philippines having its own coal resources, investment in power shifted to coal.”
But the Philippines, he said, only has low-grade coal, which means it has to import coal. Around 70 percent of the country’s coal requirement are imported. Of that, around 90 percent comes from Indonesia, with the remaining 10 percent coming from Australia and China, making Philippines heavily dependent on Indonesia’s coal industry.
In the last 13 years, local production of coal grew almost four folds, with production peaking up to 8.17 MMT in 2015, according to the DOE.
Muni said it was during this period that the country saw more coal-fired power-plant projects being approved and constructed to meet the increasing demand for energy.
The shift to coal as a source of energy was attributed to the highly volatile price of oil in the world market and the failure of the DOE to promote RE sources to investors in the power sector.
At that time, Muni admits that RE is not yet economically feasible and the technology not so much available in the Philippines.

NGCP assures grid stability after quake

posted April 16, 2017 at 07:15 pm by  Alena Mae S. Flores

Grid operator National Grid Corp. of the Philippines said it is extending assistance to power plants affected by the earthquakes on April 8 to fast-track their restoration and allow power delivery to the Luzon grid.
National Grid said in a statement it would provide support to First NatGas, which operates the 414-megawatt San Gabriel combined-cycle power plant in Batangas.
The company reported damage on its equipment in San Lorenzo Units 50 and 60, San Gabriel Unit 70, Avion Switchyard and Sta. Rita Switchyard as a result of the earthquake.
Among the affected high-voltage components are circuit breakers, disconnect switches and current and combined current/voltage transformers.
“NGCP will be looking to provide any on-hand equipment as needed by San Gabriel CCPP. NGCP is also ready to extend all forms of assistance to other generation companies in order to speed up the restoration, energization, and eventual synchronization of their power plants back to the Luzon grid,” National Grid said.
The Luzon grid experienced yellow and red alerts due to the forced outage of earthquake-affected power plants due to insufficient operating power.  “NGCP’s facilities within the vicinity of Batangas are all stable and ready to transmit power. The assistance to the generation companies will expedite the normalization of the power situation,” the company said.